Teaching strategy based on simulation for bioengineering undergraduate training in hemodialysis
During the undergraduate Programme, future Bioengineers incorporate contents in the hemodialysis area through the course Equipment for Therapy and Rehabilitation. Over the years, improvements were made in the teaching processes, incorporating equipment and elements, which were used for practical activities. Given the need to strengthen experimental practices in the area of hemodialysis and the availability of specific equipment, a teaching strategy for bioengineering undergraduate training in the area of hemodialysis was implemented. It consisted of a bibliographic material and the design and implementation of an area of simulation of dialysis treatment. The bibliographic material was organized in four sections. The first included theoretical concepts related to dialysis treatment and the organization and operation of a dialysis center. The second section included a summary of current regulations, both national and international. The third section focused in the specific training of medical equipment used in dialysis treatment and finally, in the fourth section, problem situations were designed as a challenging part of student training. On the other hand, the developed simulation area consisted of a simulation sector with last generation equipment and a technical support sector, which consisted of a portable reverse osmosis for water treatment and the electrical and hydraulic installations. This innovative pedagogical strategy provided us with specific bibliographic material for the formation of undergraduate bioengineers and a simulation area to understand more comprehensively the technical activities in hemodialysis.